10 Core Components of Postmodernism
Postmodernism isn’t a term that’s easily defined, and its roots aren’t easily traced. We find it used to describe architecture, art, technology and literature among other areas; either stemming from modernism or opposed to it. Most notable is postmodern thought, which entails several core components that are widely acknowledged by many of those who subscribe to the philosophy. In this case, the philosophy is anti-modern, as evidenced by the list below.
- Disillusionment with modernist thinking
Not to be redundant, but it’s worth stating again. Postmodernists are unsettled by the modernist’s inability to make strides in achieving peace and advancement in society, so they challenge the conventional way of operating.
- Opposition to traditional authority
Overall, authority is dangerous and not to be trusted. Authority figures are to be opposed because of their loyalty to the establishment and rigid beliefs in moral truths.
- Truth is relative
There are no objective truths. They have been defined by people and groups who use them to attain power. One person’s perception of reality doesn’t always match another person’s perception of reality. For example, although you may view a person of the opposite sex as in a relationship based on their seemingly conventional practices that indicate they’re taken, they may not see themselves as in a relationship.
- Facts are worthless
Facts can change from day-to-day or they may be outright lies. This comes with believing that truth is subjective and it’s something that shouldn’t be widely acknowledged.
Opinions are what matter in postmodern thinking; after all, facts are ignored. As long as the opinion is rationalized, it can be accepted as the best explanation. This means that science is rejected because there is no objectivity.
- Morality is relative
There isn’t a moral system that’s right for everybody. Traditional beliefs that have been accepted for centuries fall by the wayside when people accept that truth is relative. This is where many Christians clash with postmodern thinkers.
- Each religion is legitimate
Because there’s no objective truth, postmodernists believe there isn’t one religion that’s "right." Instead, all of them are legitimate. If you subscribe to a faith based on personal experiences and it’s compatible to you, then it’s accepted by postmodernists.
- Belief in internationalism
Postmodernists reject the idea of nationalism because it drives nations into conflict with one another, deterring healthy human progress. Internationalism ensures that we’re looking out for the greater good, uniting as opposed to dividing.
- Collective ownership
Staying true to the belief that the greater good must be considered, postmodernists protest the idea of individual ownership. It would be most fair if we divided and administered goods together. For the most part, individualism isn’t a characteristic they value.
Postmodernists hold many socially liberal views, believing in equality for all in spite of race, sexual preference, class or creed. Of course, they believe no one should impose their views of right and wrong on others, so there isn’t one right way to live.